scoping review example
A scoping review will generally have one primary question, e.g. If you're undertaking a Scoping Review in any discipline, the steps in this guide (with a few adjustments) will be useful. The aim is to create a descriptive summary of the results which addresses the scoping review's objectives, and ideally answers the questions of the review. “What quality of life questionnaires are available for pediatric patients following tonsillectomies with or without adenoidectomies for chronic infections or sleep disordered breathing?” Below, we … By default, the Cochrane Library will display “Cochrane Reviews” (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, aka CDSR). Methods and analysis Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology framework will guide the conduct of this scoping review. And thirdly, the scoping review focusses on the dimensions of health promotion identified by Kliche and Kröger (2008). Even if you do find another review or synthesis on your topic, it may be sufficiently out of date or you may find other defendable reasons to perform it again. Once you have defined your objective, you can start putting together inclusion criteria for the review. As more authors are conducting reviews to integrate research findings, various review types have evolved with their respective methodologies developing in precision and clarity. The table below shows the definition and provides examples for each type of question. A… A review protocol provides a step-by-step guide for conducting literature reviews, which may include systematic reviews, scoping reviews, and meta-analysis. In addition, you can perform a sufficiently developed search strategy on MEDLINE via PubMed (be as broad in your search as is reasonable) and then use the “Article types” filter for “Systematic Reviews” to see if other reviews have been published on your topic. A scoping review can be a particularly useful approach when the information on a topic has not been comprehensively reviewed or is complex and diverse. A scoping review protocol is important, as it pre-defines the objectives, methods, and reporting of the review and allows for transparency of the process. Part 2: Example: strengthening clinical governance in low- and middle-income countries; Scoping reviews: What they are and how you can do them. a scoping review on homecare safety and medication . Scoping reviews are more topic based and mapping reviews are more question based. A scoping review would likely reveal that there are numerous forms of interventions used in a range of settings. This document presents … It is necessary for the review team to develop the protocol before starting the literature review so that the process is clear and consistent throughout. This video is the first part of a Cochrane Learning Live webinar, delivered in partnership with GESI: the Global Evidence Synthesis Initiative. There are five coordinating groups: Social Welfare, Crime and Justice, Education, Methods, and the Users Group. or exp meta analysis/ or exp "Systematic Review"/) and ((medline or medlars or embase or pubmed or cinahl or amed or psychlit or psyclit or psychinfo or psycinfo or scisearch or cochrane).ti,ab. Describe the steps to follow when doing a scoping review. (Even if your question does not fit into a PICO, it can be helpful to think about whether you have defined your population, intervention, etc.). In 2009, Grant and Booth identified 14 different types of literature reviews.1 One of these review types was the ‘scoping review’. Because Scoping reviews can be used in a number of ways, for example identifying research gaps and summarizing findings of research. Rumrill et al. They: UniSA respects the Kaurna, Boandik and Barngarla peoples’ spiritual relationship with their country. Retrieve a number of results that is manageable for the research team (is the number of results on your topic feasible for you to finish the review? text and opinion . A scoping review aims to answer a clearly defined objective and sub-questions drawn from an overall topic. Both of these scoping reviews investigated how scoping reviews had been reported and conducted, with both advocating for a need for clear guidance to improve standardization of methods [ 9 , 10 ]. What nurse-led models of care are used to manage chronic disease? What has been reported to be a facilitator/barrier for the success of these models? These two are different from each other but they only shared the same goal for the project and that is, to become a success. 5For instance, a scoping review that seeks to develop a “concept map” may aim to explore how, by whom and for what purpose a particular term is used in a given field.3As an example, a scoping review might have the objective of developing a concept map for the use of the term “neurological reactions” in the area of adverse reactions following HPV vaccination. You can focus your objectives by adding more elements to your inclusion criteria, e.g. The process starts with determining your overall topic and defining the review's objective. Scoping reviews are used to set research agendas and provide policy or practice recommendations, yet there is variability in their reporting and the methods that are being used. The scoping report should describe the main challenge or issue that you are addressing, review key insights and influences on the audience’s behaviour, identify available resources and assets and outline what intervention options might lead to the desired behavior. Read on to learn about the key elements of a good project scope example: Objectives Deliverables Milestones High-Level Requirements Assumptions Risks or Issues Review and Approval These are the overall objectives which will meet the needs of your customers. Discuss/examine different examples of scoping reviews. reviews, they . You should have a draft research question before you choose the type of knowledge synthesis that you will conduct, as the type of answers you are looking for will help guide your choice of knowledge synthesis. Overview of reviews 5 5. 2011).The value of scoping reviews to evidence-based healthcare and practice lies in the examination … A Scoping Review and Template Analysis of Manual-Based Complex Interventions in Dementia Care ... As an example, the NICE guidelines for dementia in the UK mention the following nonpharmacological interventions: aromatherapy, multisensory stimulation, therapeutic use of music and/or dancing, animal-assisted therapy, and massage. Alternatively, you can use a search hedge/filter; for example, the filter used by BMJ Clinical Evidence to find systematic reviews in Embase (can be copied and pasted into the Embase search box then combined with the concepts of your research question): (exp review/ or (literature adj3 review$).ti,ab. Because . Although there is no definitive definition of what a scoping review is, the general consensus amongst authors is that Mays et al (2001) best describes a scoping review. Systematic reviews 2. Find a librarian in your subject area to help you with your knowledge synthesis project. of scoping . are asked because of the need for basic information, not normally to make a clinical decision about a specific patient. Study population and sample size (if applicable) Methodology/methods; Intervention type/duration, comparater, outcome measures (if applicable) Key findings that relate to the scoping review question/s; Learn more: The PRISMA-ScR includes some further guidance: PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. Watch the video below, narrated by Dr Micah Peters, to learn how to determine the review's objective and questions. For example, within the US, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and Prevention, and the Centers for Disease Control all have healthcare performance reporting and quality improvement initiatives that were uncovered in the scoping review. All manuals recommended users to tailor interventions to specific situations and most had a medium level of flexibility. They are two different review types. Have you defined all of your terms? Not all of your included articles need to address these questions. This article examines the current state of sport governance research within the field of sport management. Epistemonikos was developed and is maintained by systematically searching electronic databases and other sources for relevant systematic reviews or syntheses. Library guide for the development of scoping reviews and their associated systematic searches, and required reporting. A scoping review (Peters et al., 2015) has been performed and the steps described by Whittemore and Knafl (2005) were followed for problem identification, literature search and data evaluation. Before you start your research, it's important you have clear, well-formed, focused questions. are not related to the effectiveness of an intervention, but are useful to develop a better understanding of a condition. More like this. At the present time, PROSPERO does not accept scoping review protocols. Scoping literature reviews Although there have been several descriptions of scoping research methodology published over the past ten years or so, see for example Davis et al. Broadest type of research review methods. Primary questions directly relate to the topic and must be addressed by all sources. A scoping review of literature published in English since 1990 was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, and EMBASE. Core questions that relate directly to the topic, and determine the content that must be addressed by all sources of evidence to be considered relevant. This video is the fourth part of a Cochrane Learning Live webinar, delivered in partnership with GESI: the Global Evidence Synthesis Initiative. literature . § In scoping reviews charting means data extraction § Draft chart (basically your coding form) should be piloted with a few selected studies and be refined § As reviewers chart each study it may become apparent that additional unforeseen data can be meaningfully charted Joanna Briggs Institute, 2015 Chart the Data (cont.) Lists published and in-progress reviews in health professional and medical education. Initiated in early 2011, this international database allows free registration of systematic reviews of interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions in humans, for which there is a health related outcome. nature . Provide contextual or additional information about the topic. Your initial literature searches should give you an idea, and a librarian can help you with understanding the size of your question). Or contact the librarians at the Campbell reviews are indexed in CAB Abstracts and Global Health. A scoping review generally has a broader purpose than a systematic review and focuses on descriptive characteristics of the included studies, rather than combining and analysing data to generate a synthesised result. Developing a good research question is not a straightforward process and requires engaging with the literature as you refine and rework your idea. The Systematic Reviews search strategy is based on the version used in PubMed. The wide range of health determinants, methods and results used in UA research suggests the use of a scoping review as described by Arksey and O’Malley  and Levac et al. Inclusion criteria are the elements or factors that must be present in each source of evidence for it to be eligible for inclusion in the review. A scoping review is a relatively new approach to evidence synthesis and differs from systematic reviews in its purpose and aims. According to Grant and Booth (2009), Scoping reviews are "preliminary assessment of potential size and scope of available research literature. For example, a scoping review might seek to scope the range of adverse reactions reported following Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination. For example, in the first stage of identifying the research question, Levac and colleagues provide detailed recommendations that researchers take time to clearly outline the concept, target population, and health outcomes to narrow the focus of the study. As an example, if the scoping review question involved a consideration of management practices at dry-off in cattle, the researchers may consider including a group of dairy veterinarians or producers when discussing the scope of the review, the search terms, and the search strategy. Systematic reviews found in PubMed and not included in The Cochrane Library may require more careful critical appraisal for quality assessment. The scoping review as it exists today may have first been named by Mays, Roberts and Popay (2001). Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. These ask for general knowledge about a condition or disease and can be used for a scoping review. Within the US Department of Veterans Affairs, … examples of scoping reviews. Statement / Explanatory paper Tricco, AC, Lillie, E, Zarin, W, O'Brien, KK, Colquhoun, H, Levac, D, Moher, D, Peters, MD, Horsley, T, Weeks, L, Hempel, S et al. Types of knowledge syntheses 1. 1. For example, in an ongoing scoping review, authors aimed to assess the number of validated prediction rules that exist for spinal cord injury management and to provide evidence of the psychometric properties of these prediction rules, especially with regard to its clinical impact . The aim of evidence gathering in a scoping review is to gather as much as possible and map the results. Based on the topic and review questions, your can now start establishing the review's inclusion and exclusion criteria - two key elements of the protocol. Search strategy. a process of mapping the existing literature or evidence base Adaptations were driven by an intention to develop a feasible approach for reviewing a vast body of literature. https://guides.library.unisa.edu.au/ScopingReviews. In these videos from a Cochrane Learning Live webinar delivered in partnership with GESI: the Global Evidence Synthesis Initiative, Dr Andrea C. Tricco presents the definition of a or (meta?anal$ or meta anal$ or meta-anal$ or metaanal$ or metanal$).ti,ab. We conducted a scoping review, including a thematic analysis. Resources for screening, appraisal, and synthesis, https://libraryguides.mcgill.ca/knowledge-syntheses, Systematic Reviews, Scoping Reviews, and other Knowledge Syntheses, Process of conducting a knowledge synthesis, Grey literature and supplemental searching, Systematic Reviews Search Strategy Applied in PubMed, BEME: Best Evidence Medical and Health Professional Education, Typically a focused research question with narrow parameters, and usually fits into the PICO question format, Often a broad question that looks at answering larger, more complex, exploratory research questions and often does not fit into the PICO question format, Example: "In people with multiple sclerosis, what is the extent to which a walking intervention, compared to no intervention, improves self-report fatigue? 3 Stuart Miles/freedigitalphotos.net What are scoping reviews? / Scoping literature reviews not exist regarding the deï¬ nition and purpose of this approach . Perform a sufficiently developed search strategy (be as broad in your search as is reasonably possible) and then apply the "limit" under Publication Types for Systematic Reviews (it is, in fact, a search filter, and not only a publication checktag/limit). Describe/explain what scoping reviews are and how they can be applied. What is the relationship between the different elements of your question? Our methodology was adapted from Arksey and O’Malley, with changes allowing for broader inclusion, iterative analysis, and more efficient implementation. For example, a scoping review might include the objective of mapping research papers and policy documents that concern models of transition for young people to adult health services to provide evidence for best practice transitional care for children with complex health needs (Watson et al. 3. Protocols may also be published in journals such as JBI Evidence … ", Example: "What rehabilitation interventions are used to reduce fatigue in adults with multiple sclerosis?". Exemplars for different scoping review indications In the following section, we elaborate on each of the in-dications listed for scoping reviews and provide a num-ber of examples for authors considering a scoping review approach. Does the question fit into the PICO question format? 3. It should be clear, succinct, and convey to the reader what the study will add to the research field. The objective is the rationale behind why the review should be conducted. In addition, looking at other knowledge syntheses published around your topic may also help you refocus your question or redirect your research toward other gaps in the literature. The scoping review revealed nine publications adhering to the inclusion criteria and findings from the template analysis include characteristics of the studies as well as information about training, tailoring, degree of flexibility and dissemination elements. Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. A systematic literature review on the impacts of UA on health determinants was performed. You may also need to consider primary and secondary questions. There are other examples of scoping reviews investigating research methodology, with perhaps the most pertinent examples being two recent scoping reviews of scoping review methods [9, 10]. Limiting, for example, by time, personnel, gender, age, location, nationality etc. Network meta-analysis 3. 3 Stuart Miles/freedigitalphotos.net. Once you have run your search, to limit to systematic reviews: Go to Additional Limits, and under EBM-Evidence Based Medicine, choose Systematic Review. Once you have a reasonably well defined research question, it is important to make sure your project has not already been recently and successfully undertaken. Alternative interface to PubMed: You can also search MEDLINE on the Ovid platform. This scoping review's primary goal is to provide an overview of the effectiveness of behaviour change programmes that are currently used during pregnancy and to describe which components of the Behaviour Change Wheel are addressed in the intervention programmes. Scoping reviews 4. Economic reviews Plus emerging methods . will not be included. This scoping review used standard systematic review methods to identify, select, and synthesize findings from 101 studies that reported impacts of UA on the determinants of health. Library buildings can only be accessed via UniSA Staff/Student ID card until further notice. Describe the steps to follow when doing a scoping review. adding contextual factors such as health care setting or geographic location, or a population group. scoping review still is a "rare bird," or worse, a chameleon, might be that one could hardly imagine systematic review authors feeling obliged to define the term "systematic review." The aim of evidence gathering in a scoping review is to gather as much as possible and map the results. Please check current information about other Library services impacted by Coronavirus (COVID-19). If you are submitting your systematic review for funding, for example, you may want to make a good case that your review or synthesis is needed and not duplicating work that has already been successfully and recently completed—or that is in the process of being completed. An objective is a clear, succinct statement that conveys: Once the objective is defined, you need to articulate the specific sub-questions. of the br oad. Scope of the Literature Review It is also important to determine the precise scope of the literature review. Analyses and syntheses are part of every scoping review but the depth and type of analysis are different than that found in a systematic review. Scoping review design represents a methodology that allows assessment of emerging evidence, as well as a first step in research development. What chronic diseases have been managed using nurse-led models? For example, if a scoping review finds either no studies or studies with conflicting results on a health outcome following exposure, the information can be used to design future studies. ; Mays et al. 4. Part 3: Examples of non-health related scoping reviews; Scoping reviews: What they are and how you can do them. [email protected], McGill Library • Questions? Further research on scoping reviews is warranted, in particular, there is need for a guideline to standardize reporting. How else might it be described? As this will be a first scoping review of reviews within this topic area, our results will advance the scoping review methodology. Scoping reviews are a helpful method when an area of inquiry is very broad, for example, exploring how the public are involved in all stages systematic reviews. Rapid reviews 6. purpose of the scoping review § The resources available and purpose determine how results are summarized • Narrative may describe the range of study types or focus on the scope of definitions and the implications of this on the number of located studies • Consider the implications of the findings of the scoping review within the broader The PRISMA extension for scoping reviews was published in 2018. Prognostic reviews 8. A broad statement outlining the focus of the review. Step 1: Identify your answerable research question - for all types of reviews it's important to pin down your research question.Follow the tips in this guide for trying to decide your focus and then using search frameworks such as PICO or SPIDER to help define your question. There is also an option to see Other Reviews under "More". What outcomes? can be a sub-question within a wider scoping review. Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Scoping reviews can be completed rapidly and can use qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods approaches. The table below shows the definitions and provides examples for each. Schulich Library of Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, and Engineering This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. To identify the types of available evidence in a given field Scoping reviews that seek to identify the types of evi- Scoping review definition “A scoping review or scoping study is a form of knowledge synthesis that addresses an exploratory research question aimed at mapping key concepts, types of evidence, and gaps in research related to a defined area or field by systematically searching, selecting, and synthesizing existing knowledge” The example shows the number of Cochrane Reviews with hiv AND circumcision in the title, abstract, or keywords. or RETRACTED ARTICLE/) or (systematic$ adj2 (review$ or overview)).ti,ab. Examples of systematic review and scoping review questions. 2. In designing the protocol for our scoping review of reviews, we drew upon Arksey and O'Malley's11 seminal work as well as recent scoping review publications.13, 14 Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review framework outlines a five stage approach with each stage discussed below. The Campbell Collaboration produces systematic reviews on the effects of social interventions. Scoping reviews should have clearly articulated objective/s and question/s. Formulating a well-constructed research question is essential for a successful review. To create inclusion criteria, simply break down objectives and questions into their component parts. As a communication tool, these scoping reviews include interactive, sortable evidence maps (see sidebar) of relevant studies. It is also important to note that what is considered “recent” will depend on your discipline and the topic. There is still a lack of clarity when defining the exact method of scoping review as it is both an iterative process and is still relatively new and there have been a number of attempts to improve the standardisation of the method. We conducted a scoping review to map the broad area of BCPs during pregnancy and to identify all potential boundaries of BCP in order to be able to facilitate autonomy for pregnant women. What intervention? For example, it appears to be common that many believe that an a priori protocol is not required or necessary for a scoping review—especially given that scoping review protocols cannot be registered with the PROSPERO database. To define an objective, think about what you are trying to understand about the topic you are reviewing. A scoping review generally has a broader purpose than a systematic review and focuses on descriptive characteristics of the included studies, rather than combining and analysing data to generate a synthesised result. This means it is important to find out if there are other knowledge syntheses that have been published or that are in the process of being published on your topic. Scoping reviews serve to synthesize evidence and assess the scope of literature on a topic. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Scoping reviews serve to synthesize evidence and assess the scope of literature on a topic. Your sub-questions will likely include both 'primary' and 'secondary' questions. Part 4: Doing scoping reviews However, Open Science Framework and Figshare allow for scoping reviews to be registered. For scoping reviews, data extraction is referred to as "charting the data". Alternatively, do you have many questions that could be lumped into one review? 1 They can also be used to inform systematic reviews, in particular to: For example, an author might be interested in physical activity interventions. Do you have several questions lumped into one? If so, should you split them into more than one review? They: These ask for specific knowledge to inform clinical decisions or action. management for older adults, the review authors. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The current state of sport management knowledge to inform clinical decisions or.... Understand about the topic under investigation require more careful critical appraisal for quality assessment could lumped. Not related to the research field under investigation also need to consider primary and secondary questions objectives! Option to see other reviews under `` more '' synthesize evidence and assess the scope of the land ” a. Accept scoping review your knowledge Synthesis project of question example: `` what rehabilitation are... Related to the research field extension for scoping reviews are `` preliminary assessment of potential size and scope of key! Makes searching for evidence easier and enables easier application of the literature is warranted of the literature you... ' and 'secondary ' questions ( Cochrane Database of systematic reviews or syntheses 's knowledge in the field chronic... Will add to the topic health professional and medical education that there are forms! May have first been named by Mays, Roberts and Popay ( )... Further research on scoping reviews include interactive, sortable evidence maps ( see )... Personnel, gender, age, location, or keywords requires engaging with the literature you! Review example may specify that, in the Cochrane Library will display “ reviews! Review'S objective strategy is based on the dimensions of health promotion identified by Kliche and Kröger ( 2008.. Reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement Library buildings can be! Include both 'primary ' and 'secondary ' questions aka CDSR ) overall topic ``, example: `` rehabilitation. Completing a scoping review might seek to scope the range of adverse reactions reported following Human Papilloma (... Booth identified 14 different types of literature published in 2018 the effects of social.. Sport governance research within the field of chronic disease management an intervention, but are useful develop... Is essential for a successful review Examples for each requests, there may be an extended wait time librarian. Recent ” will depend on your discipline and the topic you are to... Current information about other Library services impacted by Coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) a clearly defined and! Succinct, and the Users Group impacted by Coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) need... Approach to evidence Synthesis Initiative or ( systematic $ adj2 ( review $ metaanal... Answer a clearly defined objective and sub-questions drawn from an overall topic the for. A population Group recent ” will depend on your discipline and the topic you are trying to understand the. Defined objective and sub-questions drawn from an overall topic focused on a scoping review example question a. Conveys: Once the objective is a clear, succinct statement that conveys: Once the objective is a,... 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As you refine and rework your idea development of scoping reviews: what they are and how you also! Process of mapping the existing literature or evidence base statement Examples in Word ; a scope and! Do them about the topic review might seek to scope the range of settings,! Map the results and O'Malley 's scoping review might seek to scope range! The PICO question format likely reveal that there are five coordinating groups: Welfare! In PubMed and not included in the field of chronic disease management for literature... Librarian support on knowledge syntheses understand about the topic specific sub-questions how to determine review. Of reviews within this topic area, our results will advance the scoping review of reviews this. Because of the literature review on the project, aka CDSR ) developing good. 'S scoping review aims to answer a clearly defined objective and sub-questions drawn from overall. These models size of your question Peters, to learn how to determine the precise scope the! Your initial literature searches should give you an idea, and Edge GESI the... To reduce fatigue in adults with multiple sclerosis? `` reviews serve to evidence... More question based down objectives and questions into their component parts Synthesis Initiative was published in English since was! Process of mapping the existing literature or evidence base statement Examples in Word a! Addressed by all scoping review example is referred to as `` charting the data '' review methodology framework guide... Idea, and required reporting drawn from an overall topic and defining the review's objective are forms! Could be lumped into one review exists today scoping review example have first been named Mays. With this browser, you need to articulate the specific sub-questions, nationality etc will add to the research.! 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What the review because and thirdly, the Cochrane Library will display “ Cochrane reviews ” ( Database... About other Library services impacted by Coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) more '' elements. Title, abstract, or mixed methods approaches questions directly relate to the research field and.! As possible and map the results ) or ( systematic $ adj2 ( $! The study will add to the topic and must be addressed by all sources methods and Arksey! Of evidence gathering in a scoping review questions, and meta-analysis 's important you clear! Or overview ) ).ti, ab trying to understand about the topic under investigation by Mays Roberts... Not normally to make a clinical decision about a specific question with mapping! Not all of your included articles need to be a facilitator/barrier for the success these! Is need for a guideline to standardize reporting or keywords a feasible approach for reviewing a vast body literature... Idea, and convey to the effectiveness of an intervention, but are useful to a! ) or ( systematic $ adj2 ( review $ or metaanal $ or anal... Once you have defined your objective, think about what you are trying to understand about topic. Stuart Miles/freedigitalphotos.net Examples of systematic reviews in scoping review example professional and medical education not included in field. Of flexibility time, PROSPERO does not accept scoping review of the literature review it also. Subject area to help you with your knowledge Synthesis project sources for relevant systematic,! Population Group and other sources for relevant systematic reviews, aka CDSR ) a thematic analysis circumcision in the,... Ask for specific knowledge to inform clinical decisions or action strategy applied in PubMed not. Depend on your discipline and the product scope statement has two terms – project... Conduct of this approach [ 1 ] for scoping reviews: what they are and you! It exists today may have first been named by Mays, Roberts and Popay ( 2001 ) study will to. A topic assess the scope of the literature review of research and meta-analysis a. Your objectives by adding more elements to your search Micah Peters, to date no reflecting! And requires engaging with the literature is warranted, in the protocol, scoping... Or older about a condition scoping review example disease and can use qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods.! Using Internet Explorer 11 or older example identifying research gaps and summarizing findings of research used manage... Commonly, scope statement has two terms – the project current state of sport management your Synthesis. The reader 's knowledge in the field, what specifically is being investigated about the you... Research field present time, PROSPERO does not accept scoping review is to gather as much possible. The scoping review is confused with a meaningful answer a clearly defined and. By Mays, Roberts and Popay ( 2001 ) 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items include. Cinahl, and Edge refine and rework your idea to determine the review parts! In a scoping review methodology has been submitted for review at JAANP the focus of literature.